User Commands                                        getoptcvt(1)


NAME

     getoptcvt - convert to getopts to parse command options


SYNOPSIS

     /usr/lib/getoptcvt [-b] filename

     /usr/lib/getoptcvt


DESCRIPTION

     /usr/lib/getoptcvt reads the shell script in filename,  con-
     verts  it  to  use getopts instead of getopt, and writes the
     results on the standard output.

     getopts is a built-in Bourne shell  command  used  to  parse
     positional  parameters  and  to check for valid options. See
     sh(1).  It supports all applicable rules of the command syn-
     tax  standard (see Rules 3-10, Intro(1)).  It should be used
     in place of the getopt  command.   (See  the  NOTES  section
     below.)  The syntax for the shell's built-in getopts command
     is:

     getopts optstring name [ argument...]

     optstring must contain the option letters the command  using
     getopts  will  recognize; if a letter is followed by a colon
     (:), the option is expected to have an argument, or group of
     arguments, which must be separated from it by white space.

     Each time it is invoked, getopts places the next  option  in
     the  shell  variable name and the index of the next argument
     to be processed in the shell variable OPTIND.  Whenever  the
     shell or a shell script is invoked, OPTIND is initialized to
     1.

     When an option requires an option-argument,  getopts  places
     it in the shell variable OPTARG.

     If an illegal option is encountered, ?  will  be  placed  in
     name.

     When the end of options is encountered, getopts exits with a
     non-zero  exit  status. The special option -- may be used to
     delimit the end of the options.

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User Commands                                        getoptcvt(1)

     By default, getopts parses  the  positional  parameters.  If
     extra arguments (argument ...) are given on the getopts com-
     mand line, getopts parses them instead.

     So that all new commands will adhere to the  command  syntax
     standard  described  in Intro(1), they should use getopts or
     getopt to parse positional parameters and check for  options
     that  are  valid  for  that  command  (see the NOTES section
     below).


OPTIONS

     The following option is supported:

     -b    Makes  the  converted  script  portable   to   earlier
           releases of the UNIX system.  /usr/lib/getoptcvt modi-
           fies the shell script in filename  so  that  when  the
           resulting  shell  script is executed, it determines at
           run time whether to invoke getopts or getopt.


EXAMPLES

     Example 1 Processing the arguments for a command

     The following fragment of a  shell  program  shows  how  one
     might  process the arguments for a command that can take the
     options -a or -b, as well as the option -o,  which  requires
     an option-argument:

       while getopts abo: c
       do
             case $c in
             a | b)     FLAG=$c;;
             o)         OARG=$OPTARG;;
             \?)        echo $USAGE
                        exit 2;;
             esac
       done
       shift `expr $OPTIND - 1`

     Example 2 Equivalent code expressions

     This code accepts any of the following as equivalent:

       cmd -a -b -o "xxx z yy" filename
       cmd -a -b -o "xxx z yy" -filename
       cmd -ab -o xxx,z,yy filename

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User Commands                                        getoptcvt(1)

       cmd -ab -o "xxx z yy" filename
       cmd -o xxx,z,yy b a filename


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

     See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment
     variables  that  affect the execution of getopts:  LC_CTYPE,
     LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

     OPTIND     This variable is used by getoptcvt as  the  index
                of the next argument to be processed.

     OPTARG     This variable is used by getoptcvt to  store  the
                argument if an option is using arguments.


EXIT STATUS

     The following exit values are returned:

     0      An option, specified or unspecified by optstring, was
            found.

     >0     The end  of  options  was  encountered  or  an  error
            occurred.


ATTRIBUTES

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
     butes:

     ____________________________________________________________
    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Availability                | SUNWcsu                     |
    | CSI                         | enabled                     |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|


SEE ALSO

     Intro(1), getopts(1), sh(1), shell_builtins(1),  getopt(3C),
     attributes(5)


DIAGNOSTICS

     getopts prints an error message on the standard  error  when
     it encounters an option letter not included in optstring.

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User Commands                                        getoptcvt(1)


NOTES

     Although the following command syntax  rule  (see  Intro(1))
     relaxations  are permitted under the current implementation,
     they should not be used because they may not be supported in
     future  releases  of  the system. As in the EXAMPLES section
     above, -a and -b are options, and the option -o requires  an
     option-argument.  The  following  example  violates  Rule 5:
     options with option-arguments must not be grouped with other
     options:

       example% cmd -aboxxx filename

     The following example violates Rule 6: there must  be  white
     space after an option that takes an option-argument:

       example% cmd -ab oxxx filename

     Changing the value of the shell variable OPTIND  or  parsing
     different sets of arguments may lead to unexpected results.

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